Portuguese investigators have released details of a bounced landing at Funchal Madeira in which a Jet2 Boeing 737-800 was substantially damaged by a tail-strike.
The inquiry finds that an “excessive” nose-up input on the control column after the bounce – during which the aircraft travelled about 300m at a height of 8ft – resulted in a sharp nose-up attitude of 9.15°.
Portuguese investigation authority GPIAA adds that the manual deployment of speedbrakes caused a loss of lift as a result the aircraft subsequently struck the runway with a force of 2.15g, at a pitch attitude sufficient to scrape its tail.
Inspection revealed damage to the 737’s aft fuselage including bent struts, cracks in stringers, and deformation from frictional abrasion.
Madeira's Funchal airport is subjected to turbulent winds, and the aircraft (G-GDFC) had been conducting an approach to runway 05 in such conditions on 17 February 2014.
GPIAA says the approach was flown manually from around 1,200ft, but that it deviated from the glidepath, and was below it some 15s before touchdown.
During the last few moments of the final approach the aircraft encountered varying tailwind and crosswind components, and its descent rate reduced and increased with commanded thrust. It experienced oscillations as the control column was turned up to 50° right and 65° left.
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