Investigators have released a mainly inconclusive 'final' report on missing MalaysiaAirlines flight MH370  suggesting the Boeing 777's controls were likely deliberately manipulated to take it off course but they were not able to determine who was responsible.

They had no conclusion about what happened aboard the Investigators released a report on missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 on Monday, but suggested the Boeing 777's controls were likely deliberately manipulated.

Julian Bray, Aviation Expert comments:
 This long awaited report was supposed to provide closure on what has to be one of the most difficult problems in recent years to resolve to resolve. But it does nothing of the sort, having romped through the various stages of the search and investigation, little or nothing of meaningful new content has been added.
It is in fact, a shoddy rehash of old data and offers no hope for the future. The report is so negative that it has already caused leading news organisations to downgrade the news value of this whole MH370 matter and perhaps that is just what the Malaysian authorities (and their expensive PR advisers) are seeking?
Clearly with the MH370 high on the news agenda, it has to be argued that such publicity is highly damaging to Malaysia tourism and the restructured airline. If that is the intention then the report succeeds. Others might say the opposite needs to be the case, and by not releasing anything of value in this latest report, new efforts by survivors must be fully supported by world governments and the media so that literally no stone is left unturned and that a proper post incident investigation is meticulously and publicly carried out with no cap on finance.
Clearly where the plane manufacturer fits satellite responders - as Boeing did (and continues to do so) in this case and in all other 777's - the subsequent operating airline should be required by law to pay as part of its air operators licence the satellite service subscription, to enable constant real time monitoring to be immediately processed and active.
Without this, the airline should be grounded, also the lithium batteries which make up part of the aircraft power unit need to be in retrofitted externally ejected battery pod boxes just as their military variants already are.    

"The answer can only be conclusive if the wreckage is found," Dr Kok Soo Chon, head of the MH370 safety investigation team, told reporters.

On May 29, Malaysia called off a three-month search by U.S. firm Ocean Infinity, which spanned 112,000 sq km (43,243 sq miles) in the southern Indian Ocean and ended with no significant findings.

It was the second major search after Australia, China and Malaysia ended a fruitless A$200 million ($147.06 million) search across an area of 120,000 sq km (46,332 sq miles) last year.

Malaysian and international investigators have been looking into why the Boeing 777 jet veered thousands of miles off course from its scheduled route before eventually plunging into the Indian Ocean.

Experts believe someone may have deliberately switched off MH370’s transponder before diverting it over the Indian Ocean.

The last communication from the plane was from the Captain Zaharie Ahmad Shah who signed off with “Good night, Malaysian three seven zero”, as the plane left the Malaysian airspace.

The next-of-kin of the passengers were briefed on the final report by investigators earlier on Monday.

Voice 370, a group representing the relatives, has previously urged the Malaysian government for a review of the flight, including "any possible falsification or elimination of records related to MH370 and its maintenance".

"We hope that these mistakes will not be repeated and that measures are put in place to prevent them in the future," said Grace Nathan, a lawyer whose mother, Anne Daisy, was on the plane.

"The one point they stressed was that this report was not to assign blame, it was only a safety investigation," she said.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said Beijing had paid close attention to the MH370 investigation.

"We hope that all sides can continue to remain in close contact and coordination, to properly carry out relevant follow-up work," he told a daily news briefing, without elaborating.

The only confirmed traces of the aircraft have been three wing fragments washed up along the Indian Ocean coasts.

Malaysia's newly elected Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad has said Malaysia would consider resuming the search for MH370 only if new clues come to light, this report now makes that very unlikely.

Sources CNS ,RNS, CNN, ABC, Asianews,

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IATA Business Confidence July Survey of airline CFOs and Heads of Cargo.

IATA Business Confidence
July Survey
Airline CFOs & Heads of Cargo.       

Key points:   
  • The results of the IATA survey conducted in early-July, suggest that the squeeze on airline operating profit margins intensified during Q2 2018.
  • This is consistent with increased reports of higher input costs, mainly reflecting developments in jet fuel prices. Many of our respondents (54%) expect to see further increases in input costs over the year ahead.
  • The majority (57%) expect their level of profitability to improve further over the coming 12 months, however, which reflects the fact that passenger and freight yields are expected to partly offset further increases in input costs.
  • The positive outlook for profitability also reflects confidence about the strength of the demand outlook, particularly on the passenger side of the business; 84% of respondents expect passenger volumes to rise over the year ahead – the second highest proportion in ten years. 
  • The outlook for cargo demand has softened slightly in the past two surveys, which partly reflects uncertainty caused by the recent pick-up in global trade tensions. Nonetheless, the majority (58%) of our respondents expect air freight volumes to rise further over the year ahead.
  • Encouragingly, 43% reported an increase in employment levels in Q2 relative to the same period a year ago, and more than 50% of respondents expect to increase employment levels further over the next 12 months. 
View full report

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The budget airline Ryanair has signposted job losses for some 100 pilots and around 200 cabin crew

The budget airline Ryanair has signposted job losses for some 100 pilots and around 200 cabin crew as it announced winter reduction plans to cut its Dublin-based aircraft fleet by 20percent, and also blaming recent pilot industrial action.
The airline has issued statutory 90-day notices to staff and as a result will start consultations on redundancy.
Its Dublin-based fleet is being slimmed down from 30 to around 24 for the winter but will be doubling its Polish fleet to more than 10.  The airline says the reorganisation is partly due to recent strike action by Irish pilots, affecting both bookings and consumer confidence. However, some employees will be offered transfers to Poland instead of redundancies.
Chief operating officer Peter Bellew said: “We regret these base aircraft reductions at Dublin for winter 2018, but the board has decided to allocate more aircraft to those markets where we are enjoying strong growth (such as Poland).
“This will result in some aircraft reductions and job cuts in country markets where business has weakened, or forward bookings are being damaged by rolling strikes by Irish pilots.”
He added: “If our reputation for reliability or forward bookings is affected, then base and potential job cuts such as these at Dublin are a deeply regretted consequence.”  Ryanair had warned earlier this week that jobs could be lost after facing strikes over pay and conditions.

Dozens of Ryanair’s Irish-based pilots staged their third 24-hour strike on Tuesday in an ongoing dispute over working arrangements including annual leave and promotions.
The industrial action led to the cancellation of 16 flights affecting 2,500 customers.

Ryanair, which was forced to recognise unions in December for the first time in its history, said it will decide on redundancies based on its “assessment of flight performance, productivity, attendances, and base transfer requests”.
It will meet with pilot union Forsa and its pilots committee later on Wednesday to discuss the planned job cuts.

On Monday, the group reported a 20percent drop in profits to 319 million euro (£285 million) for the three months to June 30 after being stung by lower fares, higher oil prices and pilot costs.
As well as the pilot strikes, Ryanair is also battling against disruption from air traffic control strikes in Europe and filed a complaint on Tuesday to the European Commission against France over the issue, alongside British Airways owner IAG, easyJet and Wizz Air.

Ryanair operates a fleet of more than 450 aircraft from 87 bases across Europe.

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Rolls-Royce says it welcomes the decision by AirAsia X to select a further 34 Airbus A330neo aircraft, powered by the Trent 7000 engine. The decision takes the total number of AirAsia X A330neos on order to 100, the largest Rolls-Royce powered single-type of widebody.
The move will also support the UMW Aerospace facility in Malaysia, which provides Trent 7000 fancases
to Rolls-Royce.
The Trent 7000, the latest variant of the successful Rolls-Royce Trent engine - the exclusive powerplant for the A330neo - powered the A330neo in its first appearance at Farnborough International earlier this month..
Tan Sri Tony Fernandes, Co-Group Chief Executive Officer of AirAsia X, said: “We went through a lot of work with Rolls-Royce to ensure this is the right engine for the long haul low-cost market. We are convinced this is a great product and we appreciate the transparency and openness of Rolls-Royce in assisting us in our decision to take the Trent 7000.”
Chris Cholerton, Rolls-Royce, President – Civil Aerospace, said: “AirAsia X displays impressive growth and we are again proud, to be supporting their ambitions. The Trent 7000 is performing extremely well in flight testing and we look forward to a smooth entry into service with
AirAsia X.”
The 68-72,000lb thrust Trent 7000 will deliver a step change in performance and economics compared to the Trent 700. Benefitting from a bypass ratio double that of its predecessor, the Trent 7000 will improve specific fuel consumption by 10%, and will significantly reduce noise.

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UK's opportunity to lead in UAV (Drone) technology as five key regions are selected for the Flying High programme


Nesta’s Charity Challenge Prize Centre, in partnership with Innovate UK, has released its findings from the first phase of the Flying High programme, outlining the opportunities and challenges for implementing (UAV) technology in UK cities.
Flying High is a collaborative venture with five UK city-regions (Bradford, London, Preston, Southampton and the West Midlands), along with the NHS, police and fire services, national stakeholders from central government, technology experts, industry leaders, academics and regulators.
The challenge seeks to position the UK as a global leader in shaping drone systems that place people’s needs first.
The Flying High team in partnership with the Flying High cities, five socially beneficial use cases were analysed to investigate their technical, social and economic implications.
These are:
Medical delivery within London a drone delivery network for carrying urgent medical products between NHS facilities, which would routinely carry products such as pathology samples, blood products and equipment over relatively short distances between hospitals in a network.
Traffic incident response in the West Midlands responding to traffic incidents in the West Midlands to support the emergency services prior to their arrival and while they are on-site, allowing them to allocate the right resources and respond more effectively.
Fire response in Bradford emergency response drones for West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue service. Drones would provide high-quality information to support emergency call handlers and fire ground commanders, arriving on the scene faster than is currently possible and helping staff plan an appropriate response for the seriousness of the incident.
Construction and regeneration in Preston drone services supporting construction work for urban projects. This would involve routine use of drones prior to and during construction, in order to survey sites and gather real-time information on the progress of works.
Medical delivery across the Solent linking Southampton across the Solent to the Isle of Wight using a delivery drone. Drones could carry light payloads of up to a few kilos over distances of around 20 miles, with medical deliveries of products being a key benefit. The key findings from this phase of Flying High, which featured a number of work streams including public impact analysis, systems research, industry mapping and key stakeholder engagement, are outlined below:
Drones can bring benefits to UK cities cities are excited about the possibilities that drones can bring, particularly in terms of critical public services, but are also wary of tech-led buzz that can gloss over concerns of privacy, safety and nuisance. Cities want to seize the opportunity behind drones but do it in a way that responds to what their citizens demand.
Professor Tony Young, national clinical lead for Innovation at NHS England said: “We want to harness the massive potential of technology in the NHS to deliver improved patient care and the use of drones offers exciting possibilities.
“As the NHS develops its long term plan we will be looking at the use of technology now, tomorrow and into the future to ensure we can take advantage of all the benefits new innovations can bring.”
Deputy Chief Fire Officer Dave Walton from West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue Service said: “This project is about exploring possibilities and being forward thinking and we are pleased to have been asked to be a part of such innovative work. We already use drone technology at certain types of fires to give our Incident Commanders an aerial view of the extent of a fire or its exact positioning within a large building. Indeed, a drone has recently been used at moorland fires for exactly this purpose and this can greatly assist in decision making of how to best tackle a blaze.
“However, these trials look beyond this capability to see whether drones could assist the Fire Service even further – potentially even getting to a fire before fire crews are able to by road to live stream visuals back which would enable us to start planning our tactical response.
“Having this information would put our firefighters a step ahead and ultimately could save time which is of the essence when dealing with any emergency.
“It’s an exciting concept and whilst we can’t predict the future it’s prudent to be open minded to the possibilities. If we look back in time 50 years, firefighting equipment has evolved substantially, probably beyond what was thought imaginable at that time.”
Public confidence is key – In part due to 'Flying High', cities are starting to think about what drones should and should not do, but so far the general public has played very little role. There is support for the use of drones for public benefit such as for the emergency services. In the first instance, the focus on drone development should be on publicly beneficial use cases.
There are technical and regulatory challenges to scale the five cities examined a wide array of tasks that drones can perform. In complex environments, flight beyond the operator’s visual line of sight, autonomy and precision flight are key, as is the development of an unmanned traffic management (UTM) system to safely manage airspace.
In isolation these are close to being solved - but making these work at large scale in a complex urban environment is not. While there is demand for all of the use cases that were investigated, the economics of the different use cases vary: some bring clear cost savings; others bring broader social benefits.
Alongside technological development, regulation needs to evolve to allow these use cases to operate. And infrastructure like communications networks and UTM systems will need to be built.
A vision for the future – there is growing alignment between the key stakeholders - government, industry, regulators - on what the future of drones should look like in the UK. Prior to the Flying High project beginning, there was surprisingly little coordination between key players, and cities were largely absent from the discussion. This momentum needs to be kept up - and the public urgently need to be brought into discussions about the future of drones.

Andrew Tyrer, Challenge Director of Robots for a Safer World Challenge, (Innovate UK), said:  The five city projects under the Flying High Challenge are all excellent examples of the potential for drone technology to make a real difference to our everyday lives. This important report clearly sets out the challenges involved in delivering the vision for drone utilisation in city landscapes, and also points out the huge potential for UK companies and organisations to seize these exciting opportunities.”
Through industry mapping, engagement with national stakeholders and work with the five Flying High cities, there is clear evidence that drones are an opportunity for the UK- hundreds of companies already operate in the sector and can benefit from new business, UK universities have research strengths in the area and public authorities can save money or provide new and better services thanks to drones.
However, the project has also identified a potential threat: UK policy responses to drones are behind those of leading countries. The US, EU and Singapore in particular, have taken bigger steps towards reforming regulations, creating testbeds and supporting businesses with innovative ideas.
Aviation Minister Liz Sugg, commented: “The Flying High project is a fantastic example of how much drones can help us in our daily lives.
“Drones have the potential to bring great social and economic benefits to the country and we want the UK to be a global leader in drone services.
“We have begun introducing a world class legal framework to ensure this exciting technology is used safely and responsibly to help the industry thrive.”
The key recommendation of this report is to organise major challenge prizes related to the five use cases that have been investigated. This process would drive innovation in the key technical barriers to drone development, while forming the core of a continued programme of public and political engagement. Brought together, this will allow the UK to position itself to take the lead in the development of drone technology, and therefore in the economic benefits- according to recent research from PwC, drone technology has the potential to increase UK GDP by £42 billion (or 2%) by 2030.
In addition to the challenge prizes, the report recommends that regulation be updated to reflect advances in drone technology, particularly around management of urban airspace; and investment in the infrastructure that drones will need if they are ever to operate at large scale.
Tris Dyson, Executive Director of the Challenge Prize Centre, explained: “The first step in Flying High has been to better understand what drones’ place in our skies might be, to find out what challenges lie in store, to assess the benefits to cities and the people who live in them, and to start a much-needed conversation to build a shared view of this future.
“What should come next is a plan that takes the vision of cities, public services and citizens and frames them as challenges to be actively solved.”
Read the full report online here

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Ryanair aircraft 'suddenly depressurised' landing some passengers in German Hospitals suffering from bleeding ears ...

Some thirty Ryanair passengers, some bleeding from their ears, received hospital treatment in Germany when their plane to Croatia rapidly depressurised in the passenger cabin, reported German police.

Ryanair flight FR7312 from Dublin to Zadar made an emergency landing in Frankfurt.

The airline confirmed oxygen masks were automatically deployed and the aircraft carried out a "controlled descent" descending some 8,000m (26,000ft) from 11,300m to 3,000m inside seven minutes, suggests monitoring Flight Radar .

Ryanair said the plane "landed normally and customers disembarked, where a small number received medical attention as a precaution".
The plane was carrying 189 passengers, 33 of whom were hospitalised, and some decided not to continue with their journey, German police said.

In a statement Ryanair said it would pay for hotels for the affected passengers but added that there was a "shortage of available accommodation".

Ryanair is Europe's largest airline by passenger numbers, according to the International Air Transport Association. It flies in 37 countries and carried 130 million passengers last year.

Source: Ryanair, CNS, BBC, ADN, CNN.

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IATA World Cargo Symposium at Farnborough International 2018 and special UAV conference on Wednesday

IATA World Cargo Symposium at Farnborough International 2018

At the Farnborough International Airshow 2018, a 1,000sqm Cargo Village will act as an important hub for anyone connected to the industry. Sponsored by Volga Dnepr and CargoLogicAir, it brings together exhibitors including airports, charter brokers, logistics specialists as well as security services. all under one roof, along with a static display that provides a rare opportunity for visitors to get close to these giant freighter aircraft.

View Conference Programme

Running alongside the Cargo Village will be a dedicated conference programme curated by IATA. Industry experts are set to discuss and explore many of the issues affecting this fast-growing industry, from the use of UAVs (Drones)through to delivering to remote locations. 

Of particular interest will be the Wednesday (conference day two) sessions moderated and chaired by the genial Des Vertannes, Former Global Head of Cargo, IATA Tickets are sold out but check for returns T: +44 (0) 1252 532 800 E: 
“It’s clear that the cargo industry is undergoing a major period of transition; from unprecedented growth and emerging technologies, through to increasing need for freighter aircraft. The Farnborough International Airshow has an unrivalled global attendance; there is nowhere more appropriate to exhibit to a target audience, or to have the much-needed discussions about the issues affecting the cargo industry and its future.”

10:00 - 10:05 Chairman’s Opening Remarks Des Vertannes, Former Global Head  of Cargo, IATA
10:05 - 10:35  PANEL DISCUSSION
Future of Humanitarian Air Cargo supply chains (Innovations and Future directions)  
• Stuart Smith, Director Development & Director Humanitarian Engagement, CargoLogicManagement
• Mike Whiting, Associate Member of the Humanitarian Logistics Association

• Chris Weeks, VP Humanitarian Affairs, DHL

• Pauli Immonen, General Secretary, Aviation Sans Frontieres International

10:35 - 11:15

New Routes to Market – The Future of Unmanned Aircraft
• Mr Alexey Matyushev, Founder, Natilus
• Mr Svilen Rangelov, Co-Founder, Dronamics
• Mr Pau Martinez Prat, UAV Development Engineer,
Falcon Drones Technology

11:45 - 12:00 Will Cargo Drones replace Utility Freighters in Africa?

Mr Sanjeev Gadhia, Founder & CEO, Astral Aviation

12:05 - 12:45 PANEL DISCUSSION   Developing Cargo Aircraft

• Mr Rafi Matalon, VP Marketing, Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Bedek Group
• Mike Sinnett, VP of Product Strategy and Future
Airplane Development, The Boeing Company
• Paul Nolan, Fleet Development Director,

 12:45 - 13:05
Cognitive Logistics – the emerging capabilities of connected cargo, aircraft and infrastructure   Paul Rodwell, International Business Development, OnAsset Intelligence, Inc.

13:05 - 13:15 Chairman’s Closing Remarks Des Vertannes, Former Global Head of Cargo, IATA   

View Conference Programme

All enquiries:  

T: +44 (0) 1252 532 800 E:
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Airbus has revealed the new livery and renamed the Bombardier CSeries aircraft. They are now called A220-100 and A220-300.

FARNBOROUGH - Airbus has revealed a new livery and renamed the Bombardier CSeries aircraft. They are now designated:  AIRBUS A220-100 and A220-300.

The new relationship between Bombardier and Airbus, which has saved the CSeries is one of the best positive outcomes of the year. From July 2018, the European manufacturer holds a 51 percent stake in the CSeries program.

"For the next 20 years, our goal is to sell 3,000 A220 aircraft," said David Dufrenoi, CSeries Sales Chief, which would account for about half of the 100-150-seater aircraft that would be demanded by the overall market.
Currently, the CSeries  has 402 firm orders, 38 of which have already been delivered (23 to Swiss, nine to Air Baltic and six to Korean Air).

With the integration of the CSeries into Airbus family of aircraft, the European aerospace giant now covers the majority of single-aisle market requirements with a total of six aircraft types: A318 (107-132 seats in single class), A319neo (140-160 seats in 2-class), A320neo (165-194 seats in 2-class), A321neo (206-244 seats in 2-class), A220-100 (120-135 seats), and the A220-300 (130-160 seats).

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Esterline Avionics jumps EASA hurdle for GPSSU older generation kit on Airbus A320s

Esterline @ Farnborough International Airshow 2018, Hall 1 – Booth #1180
Esterline’s CMA-5024 GLSSU
receives EASA approval
on the A320 family for ADS-B Out
Farnborough International Airshow, July 16, 2018 - Esterline Avionics Systems and PMV Engineering are pleased to announce that PMV Engineering has obtained EASA approval for the upgrade of the older generation GPSSU by CMC’s CMA-5024 GLSSU on the A320 family of aircraft.
As an SBAS GPS receiver, the CMA-5024 is an approved DO-260B ADS-B positioning source that may be paired with any DO-260B transponder. It can be coupled with ADS-B Out STCs from PMV Engineering or others to meet the ADS-B Out requirements mandated worldwide.
The PMV Engineering solution offers the unique advantage of reduced install and downtime for the A320 family of aircraft, since it involves a form, fit and function replacement of the existing GPS unit (Honeywell or Litton) without the need to perform any structural modifications to accommodate new antennas, etc.
In addition to achieving compliance to the ADS-B Out mandate, the CMA-5024 also allows the entire aircraft to take advantage of SBAS navigation throughout all phases of flight. LPV approach capability may be added with additional certification effort.
Similar solutions are on-going for B747-400 and B777-200 aircraft.
The CMA-5024 meets the requirements for an Instrument Flight Rules, civil certified Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS).
The European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS), a component of SBAS, augments GPS to provide an extremely accurate navigation solution that will support all flight operations from en route through Localizer Performance with Vertical Guidance (LPV) CAT-l equivalent approach. The CMA-5024 is compliant with and completely supports EGNOS/SBAS, from departure, en-route navigation, and all EGNOS/SBAS LPV Precision Approaches, and complies with published Communication Navigation Surveillance/Air Traffic Management (CNS/ATM) navigational mandates.
Esterline Corp. is a leading worldwide supplier to the aerospace and defence industry specializing in three core business segments: Advanced Materials; Avionics & Controls; and Sensors & Systems.
With annual sales of approximately $2 billion, Esterline employs some 13,000 people worldwide.

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Microsoft sends a raft of Windows 10 patches out into the Windows Update ocean • The Register I have never liked Windows 10 and this raft of patches make me dislike i...



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Julian Bray Radio Podcasts September 2016

#BorisJohnson 'right for all the wrong reasons' to dismiss Heathrow, says @JULIANBRAY - Scroll down final VT AIR DUBAI CRASH MARCH 2016 Television 2-way with CBC Canada via 'upmarket' SKYPE AIR DUBAI CRASH 19/03/2016 Julian Bray first reaction

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CargoLogic Air load one of their mega all cargo aircraft. In addition to purpose built frighters, many end of first lease, state-of-the-art wide-bodied passenger aircraft are currently being snapped up and rapidly re-purposed for all cargo operation. As the 21st Century trend is away from airport hub/spoke operation - apparently Heathrow [LHR] is yet to get the memo… -and towards single aisle narrow bodied passenger/cargo hold aircraft, working point to point schedules continues apace ...

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Julian Bray provides: Opinion, comment, forward thinking speculation, keynote presentations and workshops for corporate organisations on Travel, Cruise & Aviation: conflict zones, terrorist impact, cybercrime and DoS issues, drone (UAV) issues, safety (black boxes, emergencies), airline operations, aviation finance, political implications, and all forms of incident risk.

He operated at board level with several airline and aviation groups, including Alitalia, British Island Airways, British Airways, Galileo , British Aerospace, Skyways, former CEO City firm Leadenhall Assoc. (PR WEEK TOP 150) Founder CNS City News Service. Director NTN Television News (joint co. with ITV Wales TWW) Debretts People 2017 and featured in launch edition of the PRWeek Black Book. Investigative Journalist and Broadcaster.

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The Small Print...


This is the small print, demanded by the legal eagles, we've tried to keep it clear and simple, this is in addition to, and not in the alternative to the NUJ Code of Professional Conduct.

Welcome to JULIAN BRAY AVIATION SECURITY BLOG. If you continue to browse and use this website you agree to comply with and be bound by the following terms and conditions of use, which together with our privacy policy govern our relationship with you regarding this website.

The term JULIAN BRAY AVIATION SECURITY BLOG or ‘us’ or ‘we’ refers to the owner of the website. The term ‘you’ refers to the user or viewer of our website. The use of this website is subject to the following terms of use, which may be varied at any time:

  • The content this website is for your general information and use only. It is subject to change without notice.
  • Neither we nor any third parties provide any warranty or guarantee as to the accuracy, timeliness, performance, completeness or suitability of the information and materials found or offered on this website for any particular purpose. You acknowledge that such information and materials may contain inaccuracies or errors, we expressly exclude liability for any such inaccuracies or errors to the fullest extent permitted by law.
  • Your use of any information or materials on this website is entirely at your own risk, for which we shall not be liable. It shall be your own responsibility to ensure that any products, services or information available through this website meet your specific requirements and you have made your own independent enquires as to the content..
  • This website contains material which is owned by or licensed to us. This material includes, but is not limited to, the design, layout, look, appearance and graphics. Reproduction is prohibited other than for review purposes, or where specific permission has been granted, for example in connection with a commission or contribution supported by a written contract and any terms in accordance with the copyright notice, which forms part of these terms and conditions.
  • All trademarks reproduced in this website, which are not the property of, or licensed to the operator, are acknowledged on the website.
  • Unauthorized use of this website may give rise to a claim for damages and/or be a criminal offence.
  • From time to time this website may also include links to other websites. These links are provided for your convenience to provide further information. They do not signify that we endorse the linked to website(s). We have no responsibility for the content of the linked website(s).
  • E&OE Errors and omissions excepted. Use of quoted content subject to creditline: Julian Bray, broadcaster.
  • Writers P.I. & P L I. # WRT001966